Building an Accessibility Ramp with Hand Rails and a Landing
| Reference Number: KB-01114 Last Updated: 09-08-2014 01:15 PM
The information in this article applies to:
How can I create an accessibility ramp with hand rails and a landing?
Creating a ramp with handrails and a landing is easy to accomplish in Chief Architect using the Ramp tool, which behaves much like the stair tools in the software.
Before ramps are created, make sure that the heights for what they are referencing are already set correctly.
For example, if they are going to be between two rooms on the same floor where there is a change in the floor height, make sure that these values are set prior to creating the ramp. The same is true of making sure that the terrain and deck are set correctly for an outdoor ramps.
Ramps are drawn going UP, so they should be drawn from the lower of the two things that they connect, such as from the lower floor height, or from the terrain up to the deck.
To place a ramp into your design
- While in your 2D floor plan view, select Build> Stairs> Ramp to draw a sloped ramp.
By default, ramps are drawn at a 1:12 slope to a maximum height of 30" (760 mm).
- Click and drag out your first ramp section.
- Next, click and drag another ramp section, leaving space for a landing.
- With the ramp tool still selected, move your mouse cursor in the open space between the two ramps.
- Click once to place a landing.
The Americans with Disabilities Act
(ADA) guidelines recommend that landings placed where ramps change direction measure at least 60" x 60" of clear space.
- Finally, select 3D> Create Perspective View> Full Camera and click and drag toward your ramp to see the results in 3D.
- If desired, you can use the Select Objects tool to select the ramp, and click on the Open Object edit button to further customize your ramp, such as the height of the handrails, the materials of the items that make up the ramp, etc.
If you use a single click to place a ramp, instead of using
the click and drag method, then its Top Height will be set at
the default of 30", the maximum height that a ramp can be
before needing to have a landing in between it and the next
ramp section. You can uncheck Automatic Heights to adjust this value.
- Click OK when you have finished making changes to apply them and close the dialog.
While the landing shown is the above example is at drawn at a right angle of 90 degrees, keep in mind that, as with stairs, you could draw these two segments at various angles and still generate a landing between them.
- Two simple examples in Floor Plan:
- In a 3D camera view:
- You can also use the Change Line/Arc edit tool on a ramp, or hold down the Alt key on the keyboard and use the edit handles to change a straight Ramp to one that is curved.