Framing Basics in Chief Architect - automatic & manual framing, openings & headers, wall framing details, floor & roof framing, deck framing, trusses and framing layers / layer sets.
Framing can be produced either automatically, manually or by a combination of both. It can be extensively edited, displayed in camera views and calculated to the Materials List.
Joist Direction Lines specify joist direction, and Bearing Lines define the boundaries for joist direction. Bearing lines also specify where joists are cut, as can walls and beams.
Floor and ceiling trusses can be used instead of joists to frame platforms
You can designate walls and beams as bearing to cut the joists that pass over them, and you can use bearing walls to automatically generate supporting foundation walls below them.
You can customize the floor framing for your structure using manual framing and editing tools.
Joist direction lines define the direction in which joists run in a floor or ceiling platform and can only be drawn in floor plan view.
Draw posts and beams manually, set their material and size properties and then copy them on any desired module.
There are several methods for creating decorative beams, including the framing tools, soffits and 3D molding polylines.
Square, round, tapered and decorative columns are easy to create and place.
Instead of bearing on the foundation wall, create a floor that hangs on a ledger inside of the foundation walls.
Select Generate Between Platforms in the Wall Specification dialog to fill in the gap between floor or ceiling platforms when the selected railing or invisible wall separates rooms with different floor or ceiling heights.
Setting up your deck to get the most out of the automatic deck framing feature
The Wall, Openings, and Headers tabs in the Build Framing dialog are all referenced by the program to determine how walls are framed.
The Framing material type can be used to calculate stick framing quantities when assigned to the Main Layer of a wall type definition.
Create multiple framing layers in your walls and stagger or align the framing members on the desired stud spacing layout.
Set the default for how all wall corner intersections frame, then modify individual ones as desired.
Check Retain Wall Framing to preserve the framing of the selected wall when the wall framing is globally rebuilt.
Wall Details are a special type of wall elevation view in which only the studs, plates and headers used to frame a selected wall display.
Framing Reference Markers are reference points that specify how to lay out automatically-produced framing.
Framing components for doors and windows can be specified in defaults and modified on an opening by opening basis where needed.
Mitered joints can be created using the Miter and Join edit tools.
Check Use Line for Framing in CAD Defaults to show all framing members as single lines rather than as closed polylines in floor plan view.
Use this tool or generate framing on selected objects without modifying the unselected objects.
Select Balloon Through Ceiling to have the top of the wall go past the ceiling platform, and if there is a wall directly above, the framing will continue upward to its bottom plate.
Basic roof framing can be automatically generated and then modified manually.
Several new framing features have been added including rafter tails, sub fascia and sheathing.
The Trusses tab of the Build Framing dialog allows you to set parameters for trusses before they are drawn.
Roof trusses can only be drawn manually, and created where roof and ceiling planes already are present.
Lookouts and blocking are easy to remove if your truss system does not require them.
A Truss Base is a closed polyline that defines the area in which valley fill roof trusses are to be built across and above the tops of normal, full size roof trusses.
To create a cantilevered truss system, you need to use Raise off Plate when building your Roof.
To create a truss with an energy heel, a vertical member is added over the supporting wall and the bottom chord stops there rather than extending into the overhang.
Step Down hip roofs are the quickest style of hip truss framing to produce.
Sub-girders are the partial trusses that butt into the doubled truss at the end of the main run.
Create custom truss symbols using roof beams or polyline solids.
Trusses drawn between roof planes and sloping ceiling planes of a different pitch than the roof are called Scissor trusses.
Attic trusses, a variation of roof trusses, can be drawn if a plan contains an Attic area on both sides and above an upstairs room, such as in a Cape Cod style home.
On the Trusses tab of the Build Roof dialog, you can now specify the Ceiling Step, which is the maximum distance its bottom chord can step down to locate a ceiling on the floor below the top floor.
Adjust the framing manually in order to create an opening for a skylight well.
Additional tools to control roof framing for lookouts and other framing editing.
Discover how to use polyline solids to create a custom Timber Frame Truss.